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Университетское управление: практика и анализ

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Социально-политический контекст, идеология и эффекты рейтингов университетов

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Аннотация

Статья содержит обзор англоязычной научной литературы, посвященной анализу контекста возникновения рейтингов университетов, их идеологии и эффектов, производимых на систему образования. Рейтинги рассматриваются как проявление менеджериализма, культуры аудита, как результат применения рыночных принципов к сфере образования. Анализ в терминах М. Фуко и П. Бурдье показывает: рейтинги закрепляют существующую иерархию и усиливают неравенство между вузами и на других уровнях в сфере образования, а также унифицируют университеты. Среди эффектов рейтингов большинство либо негативны для всех вузов, либо производят «эффект Матфея» - приводят к усилению успешных вузов и способствуют снижению позиций «слабых».

Об авторе

Анастасия Владимировна Кинчарова
Европейский университет в Санкт-Петербурге
Россия


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Для цитирования:


Кинчарова А.В. Социально-политический контекст, идеология и эффекты рейтингов университетов. Университетское управление: практика и анализ. 2014;(3):39-48.

For citation:


Kincharova A.V. Social and political context, ideology and effects of university rankings. University Management: Practice and Analysis. 2014;(3):39-48. (In Russ.)

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ISSN 1999-6640 (Print)
ISSN 1999-6659 (Online)